The Mind Illuminated, by John Yates, Ph.D. (a.k.a. Culadasa)
An in-depth training manual for Insight Meditation practice written by a neuroscientist.
Altered Traits, by Daniel Goleman, Ph.D., and Richard Davidson, Ph.D.
Summarizes much of the current scientific research on meditation and its impact on the brain, written by the leading neuroscientist doing much of this research.
Waking Up, Sam Harris, Ph.D.
Neuroscientist and philosopher Sam Harris talks about meditation and mind.